小一主要学科必备能力

更新日期 : 31-8-2023
中文科
听、说:
1. 熟习普通话课堂用语,如:
    问候语:
    - 老师好!/ X 老师早上好!
    - 各位同学好!
    - 老师再见!
     
    课堂用语:
    - 上课、起立、敬礼、坐下。
    - 要发问,先举手。
    - 课堂上不能谈话。
    - 看着黑板。
    - 拿出你的课本。
    - 请打开课本。
    - 用普通话作答。
    - 要隔行书写。
       
    向老师表达意见:
    - 请问老师,我可以上洗手间吗?
    - 老师,我觉得很冷。
    - 老师,我觉得很热。
    - 老师,我觉得很不舒服。
    - 对不起老师,我听不懂。
    - 对不起老师,我没有带课本。
    - 对不起老师,我没有做功课。
    - 老师,我没有铅笔 / 没有颜色笔。
    - 谢谢老师。
    - 请问老师,“x”字怎么写呢?
       
   
2. 能运用普通话作出简单的沟通,如说出自己的名字、年龄、家庭成员、喜欢的活动
  (如打球、跳绳、跑步等)、喜欢的食物(如水果、蛋糕、汉堡包等)
3. 能以完整的句子说话及回答问题,声音须洪亮,吐字要清晰,并须注重礼仪
4. 能说出包括时、地、人、事的句子
       
读:
5. 能阅读约100字的故事,并尝试运用普通话复述故事内容 。
       
写:
6. 练习笔顺,熟练以下四种笔顺规则:
 
法则 笔顺 字例
先上后下 写字时,笔画要由上写到下
先左后右 写字时,笔画要从左写到右
先横后直 写字时,遇到横笔画与直画相交或者相连,要先写横画,后写直画
补充 (1) :若横画在下面,直画又不穿过它,那又要按照“先上后下”的原则,横画最后写
补充 (2) :横画与撇相交,同样是“先横后撇”
先撇后捺 写字时,遇到撇和捺,要先写撇,后写捺
       
  另外六种最常见的笔顺规则:
 
法则 笔顺 字例
先外后内 两面包围或三面包围结构的字,一般要先写外面,后写里面 句、月
‘引’、‘绰’偏旁最后写 “建”、“造”两字外围的偏旁,粤音一个叫做“引”,一个叫做“绰”,俗称“撑艇仔”,要最后写 -
横画突出最后写 横画在字的中间、位置比较突出的,横画要最后写
直画贯穿最后写 直画贯穿其他笔画,而下面没有笔画阻挡的,直画要最后写
先进去,后关门 四面包围结构的字,要先写外围三面,再写里面,底下封口的一横要最后写
先中间,后两边 直画在字的中间位置突出、不跟其他笔画相交的字,要先写中间的直画
   
备注: 每位学生会有一本笔记簿,主要供查字典及摘下课堂重点而设,方便学生自学及温习之用。
   
   
General English
1. Be able to understand basic classroom instructions and respond to common classroom language
(e.g. Please open your book and turn to page (3).)
 

Greetings and saying goodbye
Hello, (Stella). 
Good morning, (Paul).
Good afternoon. 
Goodbye, class.
Goodbye, (Mr Leung). 
How are you today?

Classroom routine
Stand up.
Sit down.
Line up.
Put your hands up / down.
Raise your hands.
Eyes and ears on me.
Stand still.
Sit straight.
Look at the blackboard.
Turn around, please.
Take out your book.
Take out your glue stick.
Turn to page (3).
Clean the blackboard, please.
You need (a ruler) and (a pencil).
Highlight / Underline / Circle the word(s).

Please read / repeat after me. 

Speak in English, please. 
Louder please. 
Please say it again. I couldn't hear you. 

Write your name here. 
Write the date in the top right hand corner.
Write down the date. 
Skip a line. 
Use a pencil to do your corrections.

Offer

Can I help you?

Apologies
Sorry, I forgot to bring my book.
I'm sorry. I forgot to do my homework.
Requests
May I go to the washroom, please? 
May I have (some paper)? 
May I borrow (your ruler)? 
How do you spell / say it? 
May I pick up (my eraser)?

Responses
Thank you, (Miss Li). 
Excuse me. 
Pardon / Sorry.

Grouping the learners
Work in pairs. 
Work with your neighbour. 
Get into groups of two / three / four.
One student will be the group leader. 
Try to do it by yourself.

Instructions for activities
You may start now.
Please stop what you are doing.

Distribution and collection of materials
Pass the worksheets to the front / back now. 
Collect the books now. 
Put the books on my desk, please. 
Please take the books to the Teachers' Room.
Please go to the Teachers' Room and bring the books back. 
Keep the worksheets in the folder.

Instructions for exercises / worksheets
Circle the correct word. 
Underline the answer. 
Colour the picture. 
Write the correct letter / number in the brackets.
Put a tick / cross in the box. 
Fill in the blank with a suitable word. 
Put the words / sentences into the correct order. 
Finish the sentence. 
Answer the questions.
   
2. Be able to spell the numbers one to twenty.
3. Be able to read and spell the seven days of the week and the twelve months of the year.
4. Be able to answer in complete sentences.
5. Be able to read storybooks with about 150 – 200 words in them.
6. Be able to spell and write their English names. E.g. Wong Yee Lam, Lucy
   
数学科
范畴  必备能力
懂得数 0 - 50 的数字
认识 18 以内的加法及减法组合
能写出 1 - 20 以内的顺数和倒数
能掌握 1 - 20 奇数及偶数之顺数/倒数,例如:1、3、5、7、9(奇数顺数)

度量

星期和天
能阅读月历
认识一周有 7 天
一年有 12 个月
图形与空间 能分辨各种图形及认识其名称,例如三角形、圆形、正方形及长方形
能以“上”、“下”、“左”、“右”描述物件的位置
能利用尺子绘画直线
   
备注: 每位学生会有一本笔记簿,主要是以用作于课堂上摘下重点及计算而设,方便他们在课余温习及自学之用。